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Why do I need to Cite?
There are many reasons why you must cite your sources when conducting research. The major reasons you must use citations are:
to avoid plagiarism
to show evidence of your research
to show support for your arguments
to give credit to the original creators
so readers can find the works you consulted and learn more about the topic
In this tutorial from Simon Fraser University you will learn about citing sources, and the importance of note taking, quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing.
Demystifying Citing and Referencing
In this tutorial you will learn the difference between citing and referencing and how to cite and reference. You will also learn what types of information need to be cited. The tutorial also teaches you how to avoid plagiarism, how to quote, and how paraphrase.
A citation entry generally has four parts:
Author: Who is responsible for this work?
Date: When was this work published?
Title: What is this work called?
Source: Where can I retrieve this work?
There are many websites you can go to in order to learn how to cite sources. Here is are a few places you can go to for help.
What Do I Need to Cite a Source?
You must cite your sources whenever you use anything that originated from someone or someplace else. This includes:
use another person's idea, opinion, work, or theory
any fact, statistic, graph, or chart that is not common knowledge
quote, paraphrase, or summarize another person's actual spoken or written words
use any image or illustration created by someone else
any piece of music written by someone else
any interview conducted with another person
reuse, including re-posting, any electronic media (web page, audio, images, video, etc.)
You do not need to cite "common knowledge". (i.e. George Washington was the first president of the United States.)
How do I quote, paraphrase, and summarize correctly?
Quotes, Parphrases, and Summaries
Read this tutorial to find out the differences between quotes, paraphrases, and summaries. Use the up and down arrows at the top of the page to advance the pages. Start on page 21.
What is Paraphrasing?
When paraphrasing, only a small piece from an author's work is paraphrased. (i.e. only paraphrase two paragraphs from a five page article)
What is Summarizing?
A summary is a broad overview of an author's work and is considerably shorter than the original. A proper summary includes:
identify and restate the main points of the author(s) in your own words
do not add your opinions, interpretations, or thoughts to the summary
the summary should not change the meaning of the original source
cite the source